Province Summary


Hood Subbasin Summary

The Hood River is located in Hood River County in north central Oregon and joins the Columbia River 22 miles upstream of the Bonneville Dam. The Hood River Subbasin is bounded on the west by the Cascade Mountain Range crest, on the east by Surveyors Ridge and the Wasco County line, on the south by the White River drainage. The subbasin includes the towns of Parkdale and Odell, and part of the City of Hood River.

Approximately half the subbasin is within the Mt. Hood National Forest or designated wilderness areas. Major land uses on non-federal lands are agriculture and timber production. Approximately 25 percent of the subbasin or 50,000 acres are managed as industrial forest. The majority of private land is zoned either as Forest or as Exclusive Farm Use (EFU). Of the 27,201 acres zoned as EFU land, 15,000 acres are planted in orchard crops. Small urban centers exist in Odell, Parkdale, and the City of Hood River. The population is dispersed, with 67% of residents living outside of urban growth boundaries (USFS, 1996a). An estimated 16,245 people were living inside the subbasin boundary in 2003. This estimate was obtained by subtracting half the current population of the City of Hood River and all of the City of Cascade Locks population from the current population of Hood River County (Portland State University, 2003). Hood River County experienced an annual growth rate of approximately 2% from 1990 to 2000.

(Hood Subbasin Plan, pp. 9-10.)

Status and Trends of Focal Species in Hood Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Winter  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,245 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 122 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Spring  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,493 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 292 spawners 474
Redd Counts (mixed)
2011: 112 redds (mixed) 153
Threatened Status & Trends
Coho Lower Columbia River  Gorge  Upper Gorge/Hood  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
5,203 natural adults299
 
Unknown Threatened No Data
Sea-run Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None306
 
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
Pacific Lamprey       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None306
 
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia River  Gorge Summer  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,008 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 174 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Gorge Winter  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,079 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 618 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Bull Trout Hood River Basin    Clear Branch, Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
> 500 adults, distributed among three or more local populations307
 
Unknown Threatened No Data
Resident Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None306
 
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
    
View abundance data for Hood Subbasin
 
Hatcheries located in Hood Subbasin
**Hatchery data will be updated in 2016**

Hatchery / Acclimation Pond Hatchery Info Releases / Returns Program Reviews(APRE / HSRG / HGMP / USFWS) Map
Blackberry Creek Acclimation View View View  
East Fork View View View  
East Fork Irrigation District View View    
Hood River Hatchery View   View View
Jones Creek View   View  
Parkdale Pond View View View View
 
Hatchery Releases and Returns to Hood Subbasin358, 363
**Hatchery data will be updated in 2016**

Some releases into subbasins may be from hatcheries located in other provinces and subbasins. Hatchery releases of anadromous fish, within the geographic range of an ESU/DPS, are listed accordingly.
 
Hatchery / Acclimation Pond Species ESU/DPS Released in 2009 Returns to Collection Facility in 2009 Data as of
Blackberry Creek Acclimation Spring Chinook Lower Columbia River Chinook ESU 96,858 8 / 30 / 2010
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia River Steelhead DPS 46,133 8 / 30 / 2010
East Fork Irrigation District Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia River Steelhead DPS 33,687 8 / 30 / 2010
Oak Springs Hatchery Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia River Steelhead DPS 2,157 8 / 30 / 2010
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia River Steelhead DPS 456 8 / 30 / 2010
Parkdale Pond Spring Chinook Lower Columbia River Chinook ESU 29,886 8 / 30 / 2010
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia River Steelhead DPS 23,774 8 / 30 / 2010
Recovery Status for ESA-Listed Salmon and Steelhead in the Hood Subbasin308

Updated : 5/27/2010

Species Population Abundance Threshold Mean Abundance Major Spawning Area Growth Rate Recruits / Spawners Current Viability
Steelhead Hood River Summer 1,988 195 (1993-2005) Unknown Unknown Unknown Very Low
  Hood River Winter 1,633 395 (1992-2004) Unknown Unknown 1.30 (1992-2004) Moderate
Chinook Hood River Spring 1,229 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Very Low
  Hood River Fall 1,240 36 (2000-2004) Unknown Unknown Unknown Very Low
Coho Hood River 5,149 12 (1992-2004) Unknown Unknown Unknown Very Low
Limiting Factors in the Hood Subbasin 380, 381, 368

BULL TROUT
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish. Clear Branch Dam, and the Eliot and Coe diversions block bull trout.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Juveniles, adults Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal Juveniles, adults Clear Branch Dam inundated bull trout spawning habitat.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) All Increased sediment from roads is a major limiting factor for bull trout.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Increased Water Quantity -- Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density); Water: Runoff Coefficient Alteration Juveniles, adults Timber harvest and roads have increased the flashiness of the system.
COASTAL CUTTHROAT
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Juveniles, adults Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) All Increased sediment from roads is a major limiting factor.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Increased Water Quantity -- Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density); Water: Runoff Coefficient Alteration Juveniles, adults Timber harvest and roads have increased the flashiness of the system.
COHO
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Biological Viability Criteria Diversity -- Artificial Propogation Straying Adult spawners Large numbers of out-of-basin stray coho spawning with indigenous populations pose serious genetic risks.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Smolts Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Morphological Changes Freshwater-Floodplain Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal; Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Juveniles Past riparian harvest, transportation networks, and land-use have modified channels and decreased interactions with the floodplain.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Juveniles Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal Juveniles Clear Branch Dam inundated coho spawning habitat.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Fishery Management Harvest Adults Coho are subject to both ocean and freshwater harvest.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Eggs, juveniles Sediment load impacts coho throughout their distribution.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.
FALL CHINOOK
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Biological Viability Criteria Diversity -- Artificial Propogation Straying Adult spawners Large numbers of out-of-basin stray fall Chinook spawning with indigenous populations pose serious genetic risks.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Smolts Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Morphological Changes Freshwater-Floodplain Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal; Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Juveniles Past riparian harvest, transportation networks, and land-use have modified channels and decreased interactions with the floodplain.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Fry Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Fishery Management Harvest Adults Fall Chinook are subject to both ocean and freshwater harvest.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Eggs, juveniles Sediment load impacts both fall and spring Chinook throughout their distribution.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.
PACIFIC LAMPREY
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish and may be a barrier to Pacific lamprey.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Juveniles; adults Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) All Increased sediment from roads is a major limiting factor.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.
SPRING CHINOOK
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Biological Viability Criteria Diversity -- Artificial Propogation Straying Adult spawners Large numbers of out-of-basin stray spring Chinook spawning with indigenous populations pose serious genetic risks.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Smolts Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Eggs, juveniles Sediment load impacts both fall and spring Chinook throughout their distribution.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.
SUMMER STEELHEAD
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish. Clear Branch and Neal Creek Diversion dams are barriers to steelhead.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Smolts Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Morphological Changes Freshwater-Floodplain Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal; Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Juveniles Past riparian harvest, transportation networks, and land-use have modified channels and decreased interactions with the floodplain.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Juveniles Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal Juveniles Clear Branch Dam inundated steelhead spawning habitat.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Eggs, juveniles Increased sedimentation from roads and irrigation networks limits egg incubation.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.
WINTER STEELHEAD
Key Limiting Factor Impairment Habitat Affected Threat Type Threat Name Life Stage(s) Description
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles, adults Powerdale Dam impedes upstream and downstream migration of all fish. Clear Branch and Neal Creek Diversion dams are barriers to steelhead.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability Freshwater-Instream Agricultural Practices Migration Impediments Juveniles Unscreened diversions impact juvenile fish in Neal Creek, Tony Creek, Eliot Branch, and Coe Branch.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Access and Availability; Morphological Changes Estuary Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Diking; Filling; Riparian Degradation; Wetland Loss Smolts Historical complex habitats have been modified through channelization, diking, development and other practices.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Morphological Changes Freshwater-Floodplain Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal; Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Juveniles Past riparian harvest, transportation networks, and land-use have modified channels and decreased interactions with the floodplain.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Riparian Forest Management; Agricultural Practices Riparian Degradation; Wood/Structure Removal Juveniles Loss of large woody debris recruitment caused by historic timber practices and clearing of streams has reduced habitat diversity.
Habitat Quantity and Quality Small-Scale Structural Complexity; Morphological Changes Freshwater-Instream Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal Juveniles Clear Branch Dam inundated steelhead spawning habitat.
Instantaneous Mortality Anthropogenic Mortality -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management Migration Impediments Juveniles Juveniles and adults must pass Bonneville Dam during migration.
Sediment Conditions Increased Sediment Quantity Freshwater-Instream Forest Management; Agricultural Practices; Urbanization Impervious Surfaces (Road Density) Eggs, juveniles Increased sedimentation from roads and irrigation networks limits winter steelhead egg incubation in Baldwin, Culvert, Evans, and Tieman creeks. Productivity of winter steelhead in Neal and Lenz creeks is limited by pesticides and herbicides.
Toxic Contaminants Water; Biota -- Pollution and Contamination Pollution: Herbicides, Pesticides Pollution Eggs, juveniles Productivity of winter steelhead in Neal and Lenz creeks is limited by pesticides and herbicides.
Water Quantity Decreased Water Quantity; Altered Flow Timing -- Dam or Hydropower Facility Management; Agricultural Practices; Water Management Water: Storage or Withdrawal, Channelization, Management; Migration Impediments Juveniles Eighty percent of the flow has been removed in a three-mile reach below Powerdale Dam. Altered flows due to irrigation (Baldwin, Odell, Tieman, and West Fork Neal creeks), hydropower (Powerdale Dam), and municipal water diversions (upper Dog River) limit productivity of anadromous species.