Status & Trends by Species

Fall Chinook


© E.R. Keeley

Fall Chinook is an anadromous fish species, and has been named as a focal species by subbasin planners in 23 subbasins. Status and trends data are available for this species in 21 subbasins. 2 subbasins have no data available. Fall Chinook is Federally protected in 19 subbasins. No biological objectives have been set for this focal species in the Columbia River Basin.

Fall Chinook enter streams in fall, and spawn in the mainstem of larger rivers and streams shortly thereafter. After hatching, fall Chinook generally stay in freshwater for only a few months before migrating to the ocean.

For more information: http://wdfw.wa.gov/fishing/salmon/species.html

Focal species represent the fish species that the subbasin planners have identified as focal species for the respective subbasin. The biological objectives associated with a focal species were either described in the subbasin plan or were included in state, tribal, or federal recovery/management plans. Biological objectives and current status are linked to their respective reference information; if the reference exists on-line, a link is provided to the original data.

The status and trend information represents the most current data that is available. Data were collected through interviews with biologists and reviews of reports and websites. Each chart is linked to a table of the data, and each datapoint in that table is linked to reference information. The focal species data presented have been reviewed and approved by the respective collectors.

 

Blue Mountain Province

Imnaha Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Snake River       Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Unknown
Subbasin Plan Objective :
3,000 natural adults290
 
Redd Counts
2009: 36 redds 143
Threatened Status & Trends
Snake Hells Canyon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Snake River      Subbasin Plan Objective :
3% smolt to adult return (SAR) rate to Lower Granite Dam292
 
Redd Counts
2014: 2,808 redds 174
Adult Counts (Lower Granite Dam)
2017: 24,431 adults 60
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Estuary Province

Columbia Estuary Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Coast Fall, Cascade Fall  Mill/Abernathy/Germany, Youngs Bay, Big Creek, Clatskinie, Scappoose, Salmon Creek and Lower Gorge  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Mills/Abernathy/Germany - 900 298, Youngs Bay - 505, Big Creek - 577, Clatskanie - 1,277, Salmon Creek - none 298, Lower Gorge - 1,200 299, 298, Scappoose 1,222299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Youngs Bay - 195 spawners474
Claskine River - 2 spawners474
Adult Escapement (mixed)
2016: 1,757 adults (mixed) 71
Redd Counts (mixed)
2016: Youns River - 35 redds (mixed) 71
Threatened Status & Trends
Elochoman Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Coast Fall  Elochoman / Skamokawa  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: Elochoman River - 313 spawners474
Mill, Abernathy, and Germany, Creeks - 92 spawners474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: 101,661 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Grays Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Coast Fall  Grays / Chinook  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: Grays and Chinook Rivers - 156 spawners474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 52,153 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Gorge Province

Big White Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia   Gorge Spring  White Salmon  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 3,010 adults (natural - tule and upriver bright) 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Hood Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Winter  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,245 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 122 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Klickitat Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook       Subbasin Plan Objective :
Combined annual harvest = 14,000308
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 6,863 adults (Tule and Upriver Bright) 74
Not Listed Status & Trends
Little White Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Fall    Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,200 natural adults (entire Upper Gorge population, primarily the Wind River)298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: Little White Salmon River - 557 spawners474
Adult Counts
2015: National Fish Hatchery - 13,836 adults (Tule and Upriver Brights) 77
Drano Lake - 1,453 adults (Tule and Upriver Brights) 77
Threatened Status & Trends
Wind Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia   Gorge Fall  Upper Gorge  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,200 natural adults (includes Oregon)298
 
Adult Escapement
2015: 2,247 adults (Tule and Upriver Brights) 78
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Plateau Province

Columbia Lower Middle Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Multiple upriver ESUs  Multiple upriver MPGs  Multiple upriver populations  Recovery Plan Criteria :
Not applicable
 
Adult Counts (Dam)
2017: The Dalles Dam - 217,021 adults 60
2017: John Day Dam - 165,526 adults60
2017: McNary Dam - 156,927 adults60
Threatened Status & Trends
Deschutes Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
13,000-16,000 natural adults311
 
Adult Counts
2016: 1,074 adults (Pelton Dam - natural)98
Not Listed Status & Trends
Tucannon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Snake River  Snake River  Snake River  Subbasin Plan Objective :
14,300 Natural adults314
2,000 adults315
Recovery Plan Criteria :
3,000 natural adults (entire population) 286
 
Adult Counts
2011: 2,044 adults81
Redd Counts (mixed)
2011: 302 redds (mixed)196
Threatened Status & Trends
Umatilla Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
4,192 natural adults319
 
Adult Escapement (Threemile Falls Dam)
2017: 680 adults85
Not Listed Status & Trends
Yakima Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook   Yakima  Marion Drain and Yakima  Subbasin Plan Objective :
None
Recovery Plan Criteria :
None
 
Adult Counts (Prosser Dam) (mixed)
2016: 4,941 adults 99
Not Listed Status & Trends

Lower Columbia Province

Cowlitz Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Lower Cowlitz, Upper Cowlitz, Toutle, Coweeman  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Upper Cowlitz - no objective; Lower Cowlitz - 3,000; Toutle - 4,000; Coweeman - 900 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015:
Toutle River - 440 spawners474
Coweeman River - 1,430 Adults474
2013:
Upper Cowlitz River - 3,287 spawners474
Lower Cowlitz River - 3,587 Adults474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 32,459 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Kalama Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 3,598 spawners (natural)474
Threatened Status & Trends
Lewis Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 4,360 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Sandy Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,031 natural adults299
 
Escapement (adult and jacks)
2016: 0 adults and jacks495
Threatened Status & Trends
Washougal Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,200 natural adults298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 1,703 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Willamette Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Clackamas  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,551 natural adults (Clackamas population)299
 
Unknown Threatened No Data

Mountain Snake Province

Clearwater Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Snake River  Snake River  Lower Snake River Mainstem  Subbasin Plan Objective :
10,000 Spawning natural adult returns347
 
Redd Counts
2013: 22,920 redds
Middle Fork Cleawater - 28 redds 162
Lower Selway - 10 redds162
South Fork Clearwater - 47 redds162
Clearwater (below North Fork) - 2858 redds162
Potlach - 10 redds 162
Threatened Status & Trends
Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Snake River  Snake River  Lower Mainstem  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
3,000 natural adults with no fewer than 2,500 distributed in the mainstem348
Subbasin Plan Objective :
2,100-2,500 spawning natural adults349
 
Redd Count
2010: Salmon River Mainstem - 8 redds (redd surveys not a total count due to high water events, turbid conditions, and inclement weather239
Threatened Status & Trends