Status & Trends by Species

Winter Steelhead


© E.R. Keeley

Winter Steelhead is an anadromous fish species, and has been named as a focal species by subbasin planners in 12 subbasins. Status and trends data are available for this species in 11 subbasins. 1 subbasin has no data available. Winter Steelhead is Federally protected in 10 subbasins. No biological objectives have been set for this focal species in the Columbia River Basin.

Winter steelhead enter streams in winter to reach spawning grounds by spring. Winter steelhead generally spawn closer to the ocean than summer steelhead, and require less migration time. Young steelhead emerge from the gravel in summer and generally rear for two or three years in freshwater.

For more information: http://wdfw.wa.gov/fishing/salmon/species.html

Focal species represent the fish species that the subbasin planners have identified as focal species for the respective subbasin. The biological objectives associated with a focal species were either described in the subbasin plan or were included in state, tribal, or federal recovery/management plans. Biological objectives and current status are linked to their respective reference information; if the reference exists on-line, a link is provided to the original data.

The status and trend information represents the most current data that is available. Data were collected through interviews with biologists and reviews of reports and websites. Each chart is linked to a table of the data, and each datapoint in that table is linked to reference information. The focal species data presented have been reviewed and approved by the respective collectors.

 

Columbia Estuary Province

Columbia Estuary Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Southwest Washington (not listed), Lower Columbia  Coast Winter, Cascade Winter  Mill/Abernathy/Germany, Youngs Bay, Big Creek, Clatskinie, Scappoose, Salmon Creek and Lower Gorge  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Mill/Abernathy/Germany = 500 298; Youngs Bay - 4,733; Big Creek - 3,182; Clatskanie - 3,982, Salmon Creek - No objective 298, Lower Gorge - 881 298, 299, Scappoose - 5,169 299
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: Scappoose Creek - 35 spawners474
Clatskanie River - 293 spawners474
Big Creek - 9 spawners474
2013: Youngs Bay - 164 spawners474
Adult Counts (mixed)
2011: 270 spawners (mixed) 182
Threatened Status & Trends
Elochoman Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Southwest Washington    Elochoman / Skamokawa  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
600 natural adults 298
 
Adult Escapement
2015: 1,910 adult escapement (natural) 67
Not Listed Status & Trends
Grays Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Southwest Washington    Grays / Chinook  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
800 natural adults 298
 
Adult Escapement
2015: 950 adult escapement (natural)69
Not Listed Status & Trends

Columbia Gorge Province

Fifteenmile Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascades Eastern Slope  Fifteenmile  Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 Adults302
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: 276 spawners 474
Redd Counts (natural)
2016: 28 redds 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Hood Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Gorge Winter  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,079 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 618 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Wind Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Gorge Winter  Upper Gorge  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
No Objectives298
 
Adult Counts
2014: 8 spawners (natural)79
Threatened Status & Trends

Lower Columbia Province

Cowlitz Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Lower Cowlitz, Coweeman, South Fork Toutle, North Fork Toutle, Upper Cowlitz, Cispus, Tilton  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Lower Cowlitz - 400; Coweeman - 500; South Fork Toutle - 600; North Fork Toutle - 600; Upper Cowlitz - 500; Cispus - 500; Tilton - 200 298
 
NOSA Estimate 2015: Upper Cowlitz River - 151 adults 474
2013: Tilton River - 445 spawners474
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 940 adults (natural) 111
2014: Cowlitz River - 24 spawners 111
Green River - 310 spawners 111
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 11,567 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Kalama Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
600 natural adults 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 2,106 spawners474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 14,043 juveniles (summer and winter)474
Threatened Status & Trends
Lewis Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  North Fork, East Fork  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
North Fork - 400 natural adults; East Fork - 500 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 678 adults (natural)121
Threatened Status & Trends
Sandy Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,519 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 2,125 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Washougal Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
350 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 648 adults (natural)133
Threatened Status & Trends
Willamette Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia (Clackamas); Upper Willamette  Cascade Winter (Clackamas); Upper Willamette  Clackamas, Molalla, North Santiam, South Santiam, Calapooia  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Clackamas - 10,671 299, Molalla - 3,226 330 , North Santiam - 8,362 330, South Santiam - 3,912 330, Calapooia - 522 330
 
NOSA Estimate
2008: South Santiam River - 1,534 spawners474
North Santiam River - 2,789 spawners474
Molalla River - 1,273 spawner474
Calopoola river - 236 spawner474
2016: Clackamas River - 2,531 spawners474
Adult Count
Willamette Falls
2016: 5,778 adults
Willamette Falls (Late) - 3,755 adults496
Willamette Falls (Early) - 2,023 adults497

North Fork Santiam River (North Fork Dam)
2015: 2,966 adults (natural and hatchery)496

South Santiam River(Foster Dam)
2015: 400 adults (natural and hatchery)136

Redd Counts
Little North Fork Santiam
2010: 12 redds 230, 231

Calapooia River
2011: North Fork Calapooia River - 2 redds 232
2010: 49 redds 232

South Santiam River Basin
2011: Wiley Creek - 14 redds 233
2010: 6 redds 233
Threatened Status & Trends