Status & Trends by Species

Summer Steelhead


© E.R. Keeley

Summer Steelhead is an anadromous fish species, and has been named as a focal species by subbasin planners in 26 subbasins. Status and trends data are available for this species in 22 subbasins. 4 subbasins have no data available. Summer Steelhead is Federally protected in 26 subbasins. No biological objectives have been set for this focal species in the Columbia River Basin.

Summer steelhead enter streams in summer to reach spawning grounds by the following spring. Young steelhead emerge from the gravel in summer and generally rear for two or three years in freshwater.

For more information: http://wdfw.wa.gov/fishing/salmon/species.html

Focal species represent the fish species that the subbasin planners have identified as focal species for the respective subbasin. The biological objectives associated with a focal species were either described in the subbasin plan or were included in state, tribal, or federal recovery/management plans. Biological objectives and current status are linked to their respective reference information; if the reference exists on-line, a link is provided to the original data.

The status and trend information represents the most current data that is available. Data were collected through interviews with biologists and reviews of reports and websites. Each chart is linked to a table of the data, and each datapoint in that table is linked to reference information. The focal species data presented have been reviewed and approved by the respective collectors.

 

Blue Mountain Province

Asotin Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River   Lower Snake River  Asotin Creek  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults286
 
NOSA Estimate
2017 : 313 Adults474
Adult Counts (Natural)
2013 : 98 natural adults
Alpowa Creek - 98 natural adults 165
2013 : Asotin Creek above George Creek - 839 natural adults 165
2012 : George Creek - 107 natural adults 165
Redd Counts (mixed)
2015 : 317 redds (mixed) 3
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016 : 26,969 juveniles outmigrating 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Grande Ronde Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Grande Ronde  Upper Grande Ronde, Wallowa, Lower Grande Ronde, Joseph Creek  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Unknown
Subbasin Plan Objective :
5,000 natural adults288
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: Upper Grande Ronde 1,699 spawners 474
2016: Joseph Creek - 1,593 spawners 474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: 26,969 juveniles 166
Threatened Status & Trends
Imnaha Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Imnaha  Imnaha  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Unknown
Subbasin Plan Objective :
2,100 natural adults (4,315 toal returns)290
 
Redd Counts
2016: Camp Creek - 40 redds35
Threatened Status & Trends
Snake Hells Canyon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River      Subbasin Plan Objective :
4% smolt to adult return (SAR) rate to Lower Granite Dam292
 
Adult Counts (Lower Granite Dam)
2017: 71,178 adults 60
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Cascade Province

Columbia Upper Middle Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Wenatchee, Entiat, Mehtow  Subbasin Plan Objective :
None
 
Adult Counts (Rock Island Dam)
2017: 7,639 adults (mixed)60
Threatened Status & Trends
Entiat Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Entiat  Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults293
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 50 spawners474
Redd Counts
2015: 163 redds 40
Juvenile outmigrants
2015: 25,029 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Methow Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Methow  Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults295
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 469 spawners474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: 17,639 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Okanogan Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Okanogan  Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults295
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 151 spawners 474
Redd Counts (mixed)
2015: 487 redds (mixed) 200
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 7,264 juvenile474
Threatened Status & Trends
Wenatchee Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Wenatchee  Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults293
 
NOSA Estimate
2015: 1,736 spawners 474
Redd Counts (natural)
2014: 195 redds (natural)500
Juvenile Outmigrantas
2016: 10,135 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Estuary Province

Columbia Estuary Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  Included in specific subbasins  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Included in specific subbasins
 
Included in specific subbasins Threatened No Data

Columbia Gorge Province

Hood Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia River  Gorge Summer  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,008 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 174 spawners474
Threatened No Data
Wind Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Colunbia  Gorge Summer  Wind  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults298
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 1,059 spawners474
Adult Escapement
2014: 272 adults 511
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 22,584 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Plateau Province

Columbia Lower Middle Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Multiple upriver ESUs  Multiple upriver ESUs  Multiple upriver populations  Recovery Plan Criteria :
Not applicable
 
Adult Counts (Dam)
2017: The Dalles Dam - 29,017 adults (wild)60
2017: John Day Dam - 24,918 adults (wild)60
2017: McNary Dam - 23,243 adults (wild)60
Threatened Status & Trends
Crab Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Crab  Recovery Plan Criteria :
None
 
Unknown Endangered No Data
Deschutes Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Middle Columbia  Cascades Eastern Slope Tributaries  Westside, Eastside, Crooked River (extirpated)  Subbasin Plan Objective :
Westside - 4,500-5,000 natural adults (plus 1,600-1,850 in areas not currently accessible)
Eastside - 2,400-2,900 natural adults
Crooked River - 700-1,000 natural adults311
Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults each for Westside and Eastside populations302
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Deschutes River (westside) - 472 spawners474
Deschutes River (eastside) - 1,942 spawners474
Adult Counts (Pelton Dam)
2016: 2,507
Hatchery - 2,443 adults 192
Natural - 64 adults 192
Redd Counts (natural)
2015: 570 redds (natural) 193, 205, 206
2012: Buck Hollow Creek - 28 redds (mixed)204
Threatened Status & Trends
John Day Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Middle Columbia  John Day River  Upper Mainstem, South Fork, Middle Fork, North Fork, Lower Mainstem  Subbasin Plan Objective :
Average run size of 49,000 fish to the John Day313
Recovery Plan Criteria :
Upper Mainstem or Middle Fork - 1,000 natural adults, other must be maintained; North Fork must remain highly viable (currently 1,740 natural adults); Lower mainstem - 2,250 natural adults; South Fork must be maintained302
 
NOSA Estimate
2014: 20,505 spawners 474
Redd Counts (natural)
2017: 157 redds (natural)209, 210, 211, 240, 241
Threatened Status & Trends
Snake Lower Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Multiple  Multiple upriver populations  Subbasin Plan Objective :
No numeric objective for adult escapement described in the subbasin plan:
Almota Creek - 62 returning adults expected if habitat objectives are attained
Deadman Creek - 80 returning adults expected if habitat objectives are attained
Recovery Plan Criteria :
Not applicable
 
Adult Counts (Dam)
2017: Ice Harbor Dam - 13,073 adults (wild)60
Lower Monumental Dam - 13,762 adults (wild)60
Little Goose Dam - 11,919 adults (wild)60
Threatened Status & Trends
Tucannon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Lower Snake River  Tucannon  Subbasin Plan Objective :
948 natural-origin adults315
600 adults (existing habitat conditions) and 2,200-3,400 (future) adult escapement315
2,200 adults314
3,400 adults315
Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural spawners286
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2007: 137 spawners (natural)149
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 20,391 juvenile474
Threatened Status & Trends
Umatilla Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Middle Columbia  Umatilla/Walla Walla Rivers  Umatilla  Subbasin Plan Objective :
3,610 natural adults319
Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults16
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: 3,599 spawners474
Redd Counts (mixed)
2017: 40 redds (mixed)224
Threatened Status & Trends
Walla Walla Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Middle Columbia  Umatilla/Walla Walla Rivers  Walla Walla, Touchet  Subbasin Plan Objective :
4,600 - 5,600 total returns: 3,000 natural and 1,600 - 2,600 hatchery (CTUIR objectiver only)321
Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,000 natural adults for at least one population, the other must be maintained
 
NOSA Estimate
Walla Walla River
2014: 434 spawners 474

Touchet River
2016: 179 spawners 474

Redd Counts (mixed)
2015: 353 redds (mixed) 225
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: 31,820 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Yakima Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Middle Columbia  Yakima  Naches, Satus, Toppenish and Upper Yakima  Recovery Plan Criteria :
(Delisting Threshold)302
Naches River - 1,500 adults
Satus Creek - 500 natural adults (plus additional 500 in lower mainstem or in another population)
Toppenish Creek - 250 natural adults
Upper Yakima - 500 adults302
 
Adult Counts (Prosser Dam) (mixed)
2017: 2,566 adults 100
Redd Counts
2016: 197 redds
Threatened Status & Trends

Lower Columbia Province

Kalama Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 814 adults (natural)116
Threatened Status & Trends
Lewis Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  North Fork, East Fork  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
North Fork - No Objective; East Fork - 500 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: East Fork - 843 adults (natural)122
Threatened Status & Trends
Washougal Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 783 adults (natural)134
Threatened Status & Trends

Mountain Snake Province

Clearwater Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Clearwater  Lower Mainstem, North Fork, Lolo Creek, Lochsa River, Selway River, and South Fork  Subbasin Plan Objective :
B-run = 12,000 spawning natural adult returns, A-run = 4,900 spawning natural adult returns347
Recovery Plan Criteria :
Lolo Creek = 500 natural adults, South Fork = 1,000 natural adults, Lochsa River and Lower Mainstem = 1,500 natural adults, no recommendation for North Fork and Selway River populations348
 
Adult Returns (hatchery)
2013: 122 adults (Crooked River Satellite Hatchery)108
2008: Dworshak Hatchery - 2,871 adults108
2008: Kooskia Hatchery - 52 adults 108
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: Clearwater Lower Mainstem - 9,419 juveniles474
2015: Lochsa River - 19,599 juveniles474
2014: South Fork Clearwater River - 1,229 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Summer Steelhead Snake River  Salmon River  Little Salmon River, South Fork, Secesh River, River, Chamberlain Creek, Lower Middle Fork, Upper Middle Fork, Panther Reek, North Fork, Lemhi River , Pahsimeroi River, East Fork Salmon River, Upper Salmon Mainstem  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Secesh River = 500 natural adults, Chamberlain Creek, Upper Mainstem, and South Fork populations = 1000 natural adults, Middle Fork Upper Mainstem = 1,500 natural adults. No recommendation for Middle Fork Lower, East Fork, Lemhi River, Little Salmon River, North Fork, Pahsimeroi River, and Panther Creek populations.348
Subbasin Plan Objective :
Greater than 21,600 spawning natural adults (includes A-and B– run)349
 
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: Little Salmon River - 2,741 juveniles 474
Pahsimeroi River - 15,395 juveniles 474
Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 25,244 juveniles 474
Middle Fork Salmon River Lower Mainstem - 24,420 juveniles 474
South Fork Salmon River - 40,672 juveniles 474
Middle Fork Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 5,801 juveniles 474
2015: Lemhi River - 21,596 juveniles 474
North Fork Salmon River - 9,864 juveniles 474
Threatened No Data