Status & Trends by Species

Spring Chinook


© E.R. Keeley

Spring Chinook is an anadromous fish species, and has been named as a focal species by subbasin planners in 26 subbasins. Status and trends data are available for this species in 22 subbasins. 4 subbasins have no data available. Spring Chinook is Federally protected in 18 subbasins. No biological objectives have been set for this focal species in the Columbia River Basin.

Spring Chinook enter streams early in the year, and spawn in the mainstem of larger rivers and streams in fall. After hatching, spring Chinook tend to stay in streams for a year before migrating to the ocean.

For more information: http://wdfw.wa.gov/fishing/salmon/species.html

Focal species represent the fish species that the subbasin planners have identified as focal species for the respective subbasin. The biological objectives associated with a focal species were either described in the subbasin plan or were included in state, tribal, or federal recovery/management plans. Biological objectives and current status are linked to their respective reference information; if the reference exists on-line, a link is provided to the original data.

The status and trend information represents the most current data that is available. Data were collected through interviews with biologists and reviews of reports and websites. Each chart is linked to a table of the data, and each datapoint in that table is linked to reference information. The focal species data presented have been reviewed and approved by the respective collectors.

 

Blue Mountain Province

Asotin Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Snake River  Lower Snake River  Asotin Creek  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults286
 
NOSA Estimates
2016: 4 Adults 474
Redd Counts (natural)
2015: 0 redds 4
Threatened Status & Trends
Grande Ronde Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Snake River  Grande Ronde-Imnaha  Upper Grande Ronde, Catherine Creek, Lookingglass Creek,Willowa-Lostine, Minam, Wenaha  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Unknown
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: 2,374 spawners474
Catherine Creek - 191 spawners474
Grande Ronde River Upper Mainstem - 90 spawners474
Minam River - 614 spawnders474
Wallowa/Lostine - 734 spawners474
Wenaha - 745 spawners474
Redd Counts
2015: 1,247 redds140
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: 110,958 wild juveniles 474
Catherine Creek - 12,104 juveniles474
Minam River -39,560 juveniles474
Upper Grande Ronde River Mainstem - 26,393 juveniles474
Wallowa/Lostine - 32,901 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Imnaha Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Snake River  Grande Ronde-Imnaha  Imnaha, Big Sheep Creek  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Unknown
Subbasin Plan Objective :
3,800 natural adults (5,740 total returns)290
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: 607 spawners474
Redd Counts
2016: 524 redds (mixed)170
Juvenile Emigrants (natural)
2010: 145,179 juveniles (natural) 172
Threatened Status & Trends

Columbia Cascade Province

Columbia Upper Middle Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Wenatchee, Entiat, Methow  Subbasin Plan Objective :
None
 
Adult Counts (Rock Island Dam)
2017: 8,080 adults 60
Endangered Status & Trends
Entiat Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Entiat  Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults293
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 63 spawners474
Spawner Estimate
2015: 509 spawners49
2015: 212 redds499
Juvenile Outmigrants
2015: 21,146 juveniles474
Endangered Status & Trends
Methow Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Methow  Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,000 natural adults295
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 176 spawners474
Adult Escapement (natural)
2011: 1,344 adults (natural)177
Adult Counts (hatchery)
2016: 5,475 adults (hatchery)56
Redd Counts (natural)
2014: 898 redds (natural)178, 179, 180, 474
Endangered Status & Trends
Okanogan Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Okanogan  Subbasin Plan Objective :
300 hatchery-origin adults297
 
Unknown Endangered No Data
Wenatchee Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Columbia  Wenatchee-Methow  Wenatchee  Recovery Plan Criteria :
2,000 adults293
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 347 spawners 474
Redd Counts (natural)
2014: 859 redds (natural) 62
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 130,426 juveniles474
Endangered Status & Trends

Columbia Estuary Province

Columbia Estuary Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Included in specific subbasins  Recovery Plan Criteria :
Included in specific subbasins
 
Included in specific subbasins Threatened No Data

Columbia Gorge Province

Big White Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Fall  White Salmon  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
 
Functionally extirpated 383 Threatened No Data
Hood Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Gorge Spring  Hood River  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,493 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Hood River - 292 spawners 474
Redd Counts (mixed)
2011: 112 redds (mixed) 153
Threatened Status & Trends
Klickitat Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook       Subbasin Plan Objective :
return number = 5,000-10,000, harvest = 35-40% annually, less than 50% of fish returning would be available for escapement308
 
Adult Counts (natural)
2011: 419 spawners (natural)76
Not Listed Status & Trends

Columbia Plateau Province

Deschutes Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
2,600-2,800 natural adults; 2,200-2,300 above Warm Springs National Fish Hatchery and 400-500 in Shitike Creek311
 
Redd Counts
2015: 72 redds 156
Not Listed Status & Trends
John Day Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
Average run size of 20,000 adults and jacks to the John Day313
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2011: 14,494 adults (natural)215
Redd Counts (natural)
2015: 1,146 redds (natural) 216, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223
Not Listed Status & Trends
Tucannon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Snake River  Lower Snake River  Tucannon  Subbasin Plan Objective :
2,000 natural adults104
3,000 total adults315,314 Recovery Plan Criteria :
750 natural adults 286
 
NOSA Estimate
2017: 49 spawners 474
Redd Counts (mixed)
2014: 124 redds 82
Threatened Status & Trends
Umatilla Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
1,702 natural adults319
 
Adult Counts (hatchery)
2017: 3,841 adults (hatchery)85
Not Listed Status & Trends
Walla Walla Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Middle Columbia      Subbasin Plan Objective :
3,000 natural adults and 2,500 hatchery adults (ODFW and CTUIR objective only)322
 
Not Listed Status & Trends
Yakima Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook   Yakima  American, Naches, Upper Yakima  Subbasin Plan Objective :
None
Recovery Plan Criteria :
None
 
Redd Counts
2017: 836 redds 102
Not Listed Status & Trends

Lower Columbia Province

Cowlitz Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Upper Cowlitz, Cispus, Tilton, Toutle  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Upper Cowlitz - 1,800; Cispus - 1,800; Tilton - No Objective; Toutle - 1,100 298
 
NOSA Estimate
2014: 227 spawners (natural)474
Threatened Status & Trends
Kalama Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
300 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2014: 187 adults (natural)117
Threatened Status & Trends
Lewis Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults298
 
Adult Escapement (natural)
2014: 428 adults 508
Threatened Status & Trends
Sandy Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,230 natural adults299
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: 3,490 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Willamette Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Upper Willamette  Upper Willamette Spring  Clackamas, Molalla, North Santiam, South Santiam, Calapooia, McKenzie, Middle Fork Willamette  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Clackamas - 2,314 330; Molalla - 699 330; North Santiam - 5,428 330, South Santiam - 3,116 330, Calapooia - 598 330, Mckenzie - 10,017 330, Middle Fork Willamette - 5,820330
 
NOSA Estimate
2016: Clackamas River - 4,328 spawners474
Mckenzie River - 1,716 spawners474
North Santiam River - 327 spawners474
Mkenzie River - 1,716 spawners474
South Santiam River - 499 spawners474
Middlefork Willamette River - 226 spawners474
Adult Counts
Clackamas River
2016: 4,462 adults (mixed - North Fork Dam) 137

Willamette Falls
2016: 30,317 adults (mixed) 137

North Santiam River
2016: 2,824 adults (mixed - Minto Dam) 137

McKenzie River
2016: 1,977 adults (mixed)137

South Santiam River
2016: 137 adults (mixed-foster dam)
Threatened Status & Trends

Middle Snake Province

Malheur Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None337
 
Extirpated Not Listed No Data

Mountain Snake Province

Clearwater Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook Snake River  Clearwater    Subbasin Plan Objective :
10,000 Spawning natural adult returns347
 
Lochsa River
2017: 39 redds
Lolo Creek - 16 redds109
Brushy Fork - 1 redds109
Crooked Fork - 22 redds109
2012: White Cap - 109 redds 109
2010: Fishing Creek - 14 redds109
2010: Legendary Bear Creek - 28 redds109
Selway River
2017: Selway Mainstem - 2 redds 109
2010: Lower Selway - 16 redds 109
2010: Meadow Creek - 5 redds 109
South Fork Clearwater
2017: 69 redds
Newsom Creek - 1 redds109
American - 4 redds109
Red River - 61 redds109
Colt Killed Creek - 0 redds109
Crooked River - 3 redds109
Bear Creek - 0 redds109
Not Listed Status & Trends
Salmon Subbasin
 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Spring Chinook       Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Bear Valley Creek - 750 natural adults348, Big Creek - 1,000 natural adults348, Chamberlain Creek - 750 natural adults348, Loon Creek - 500 natural adults348, Marsh Creek - 500 natural adults348, Secesh Creek - 750 natural adults348, South Fork Mainstem - 1,000 natural adults348, Lemhi River - 2,000 natural adults348, Salmon River Lower Mainstem - 2,000 natural adults348, Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 1,000 natural adults. No recommendations for Camas Creek, Lower Middle Fork, North Fork, Pahsimeroi River, Valley Creek, and Yankee Fork populations.348
Subbasin Plan Objective :
36,400 spawning natural adults349
 
NOSA Estimate
2016:
Yankee Fork - 351 spawners 474
Lemhi - 512 spawners 474
Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 326 spawners 474
Chamberlain Creek - 568 spawners 474
Marsh Creek - 411 spawners 474
Middlefork Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 110 spawners 474
Sulphur Creek - 43 474
North Fork Salmon River - 64 spawners 474
Big Creek - 214 spawners 474
Bear Valley Creek - 469 spawners 474
Valley Creek - 153 spawners 474
East Fork Salmon River - 551 spawners 474
Salmon River Lower Mainstem - 148 spawners 474
Loon Creek - 102 spawners 474
Camas Creek - 71 spawners 474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2016: Big Creek - 323,649 juveniles 474
Marsh Creek - 587,266 juveniles 474
Salmon River Upper Mainstem - 57,039 juveniles 474
Lemhi River - 77,221 juveniles 474
Threatened Status & Trends