Status & Trends by Region


Focal species represent the fish species that the subbasin planners have identified as focal species for the respective subbasin. The biological objectives associated with a focal species were either described in the subbasin plan or were included in state, tribal, or federal recovery/management plans. Biological objectives and current status are linked to their respective reference information; if the reference exists on-line, a link is provided to the original data.
The status and trend information represents the most current data that is available. Data were collected through interviews with biologists and reviews of reports and websites. Each chart is linked to a table of the data, and each datapoint in that table is linked to reference information. The focal species data presented have been reviewed and approved by the respective collectors.
 

Lower Columbia Province

Cowlitz Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Lower Cowlitz, Upper Cowlitz, Toutle, Coweeman  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Upper Cowlitz - no objective; Lower Cowlitz - 3,000; Toutle - 4,000; Coweeman - 900 298
NOSA Estimate
2015:
Toutle River - 440 spawners474
Coweeman River - 1,430 Adults474
2013:
Upper Cowlitz River - 3,287 spawners474
Lower Cowlitz River - 3,587 Adults474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 32,459 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Upper Cowlitz, Cispus, Tilton, Toutle  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Upper Cowlitz - 1,800; Cispus - 1,800; Tilton - No Objective; Toutle - 1,100 298
NOSA Estimate
2014: 227 spawners (natural)474
Threatened Status & Trends
Chum Columbia River  Cascade  Cowlitz  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Fall Run - 900 natural adults; Summer Run - 900 natural adtuls 298
9 adults collected at Cowlitz Salmon Hatchery 513 Threatened No Data
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade  Lower Cowlitz, Coweeman, South Fork Toutle, North Fork Toutle, Upper Cowlitz, Cispus, Tilton  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Lower Cowlitz - 3,700; Coweeman - 1,200; South Fork Toutle = 1,900; North Fork Toutle - 1,900; Upper Cowlitz - 2,000; Cispus - 2,000; Tilton - No objective 298
NOSA Estimate
2012: Tilton River (early) - 2,744 spawners474
2013: North Fork Toutle River (early and late) - 1,425 spawners474
2015: Lower Cowlitz(late) - 5,132 spawners474
Upper Cowlitz(early and late) - 381 spawners474
Coweeman (late) - 767 spawners474
South Fork, Toutle River (early and late) - 1,537 spawners474
Threatened Status & Trends
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Lower Cowlitz, Coweeman, South Fork Toutle, North Fork Toutle, Upper Cowlitz, Cispus, Tilton  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Lower Cowlitz - 400; Coweeman - 500; South Fork Toutle - 600; North Fork Toutle - 600; Upper Cowlitz - 500; Cispus - 500; Tilton - 200 298
NOSA Estimate 2015: Upper Cowlitz River - 151 adults 474
2013: Tilton River - 445 spawners474
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 940 adults (natural) 111
2014: Cowlitz River - 24 spawners 111
Green River - 310 spawners 111
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 11,567 juveniles474
Threatened Status & Trends

Kalama Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults 298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 3,598 spawners (natural)474
Threatened Status & Trends
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
300 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2014: 187 adults (natural)117
Threatened Status & Trends
Chum Columbia River  Cascade  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
900 natural adults 298
Unknown Threatened No Data
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 239 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None300
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 814 adults (natural)116
Threatened Status & Trends
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Kalama  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
600 natural adults 298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 2,106 spawners474
Juvenile Outmigrants
2017: 14,043 juveniles (summer and winter)474
Threatened Status & Trends

Lewis Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 4,360 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Late Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Late Fall  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
7,300 natural adults298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 23,614 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2014: 428 adults 508
Threatened Status & Trends
Chum Columbia River  Cascade  Lewis  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,300 natural adults298
Unknown Threatened No Data
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade  North Fork, East Fork  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
North Fork - 500 natural adults; East Fork - 2,000 natural adults298
NOSA Estimate
2012: North Fork Lewis River - 2,579 spawners474
2015: Lewis River- 4,360 spawners474
East Fork Lewis River (early and late) - 389 spawners474
Threatened Status & Trends
Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None300
Unknown Species of Concern Status & Trends
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  North Fork, East Fork  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
North Fork - No Objective; East Fork - 500 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: East Fork - 843 adults (natural)122
Threatened Status & Trends
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  North Fork, East Fork  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
North Fork - 400 natural adults; East Fork - 500 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 678 adults (natural)121
Threatened Status & Trends
Bull Trout Lewis (Within the Lower Columbia River Recovery Unit)    Cougar Creek, Pine Creek, Rush Creek  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Maintain current distribution, restore distribution to previously occupied areas, and maintain stable or increasing trends in abundance310
Population Estimate
2015: 697 fish (Swift Reservoir)479
Threatened Status & Trends

Sandy Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,031 natural adults299
Escapement (adult and jacks)
2016: 0 adults and jacks495
Threatened Status & Trends
Late Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Late Fall  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
3,858 natural adults299
NOSA Estimate
2016: 1,270 spawners 474
Adult and Jack Count
2016: 478 spawners (natural) 31
Threatened Status & Trends
Spring Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Spring  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,230 natural adults299
NOSA Estimate
2016: 3,490 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
5,685 natural adults299
NOSA Estimate
2016: Sandy River (early and late) - 939 spawners474
Threatened Status & Trends
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Sandy  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,519 natural adults299
NOSA Estimate
2017: 2,125 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends

Washougal Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,200 natural adults298
NOSA Estimate
2015: 1,703 spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Chum Columbia River  Cascade  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,300 natural adults298
Unknown Threatened No Data
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,500 natural adults298
2,047 natural adults collected at Washougal Hatchery and another 18 collected at the Skamania hatchery514 Threatened No Data
Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None298
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
Summer Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Summer  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
500 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 783 adults (natural)134
Threatened Status & Trends
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia  Cascade Winter  Washougal  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
350 natural adults298
Adult Escapement (natural)
2015: 648 adults (natural)133
Threatened Status & Trends

Willamette Subbasin

 
Species ESU MPG Population Biological Objective (s) Biological Status Federal Status Data / Charts
Fall Chinook Lower Columbia  Cascade Fall  Clackamas  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
1,551 natural adults (Clackamas population)299
Unknown Threatened No Data
Spring Chinook Upper Willamette  Upper Willamette Spring  Clackamas, Molalla, North Santiam, South Santiam, Calapooia, McKenzie, Middle Fork Willamette  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Clackamas - 2,314 330; Molalla - 699 330; North Santiam - 5,428 330, South Santiam - 3,116 330, Calapooia - 598 330, Mckenzie - 10,017 330, Middle Fork Willamette - 5,820330
NOSA Estimate
2016: Clackamas River - 4,328 spawners474
Mckenzie River - 1,716 spawners474
North Santiam River - 327 spawners474
Mkenzie River - 1,716 spawners474
South Santiam River - 499 spawners474
Middlefork Willamette River - 226 spawners474
Adult Counts
Clackamas River
2016: 4,462 adults (mixed - North Fork Dam) 137

Willamette Falls
2016: 30,317 adults (mixed) 137

North Santiam River
2016: 2,824 adults (mixed - Minto Dam) 137

McKenzie River
2016: 1,977 adults (mixed)137

South Santiam River
2016: 137 adults (mixed-foster dam)
Threatened Status & Trends
Chum Columbia  Cascade  Clackamas  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
To Be Determined 299
Unknown Threatened No Data
Coho Lower Columbia  Cascade  Clackamas  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
11,232 natural adults 299
NOSA Estimate
2016: Clackamas - 1,628 Early and Late spawners 474
Threatened Status & Trends
Coastal Cutthroat       Subbasin Plan Objective :
None
Unknown Species of Concern No Data
Winter Steelhead Lower Columbia (Clackamas); Upper Willamette  Cascade Winter (Clackamas); Upper Willamette  Clackamas, Molalla, North Santiam, South Santiam, Calapooia  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
Natural Adults
Clackamas - 10,671 299, Molalla - 3,226 330 , North Santiam - 8,362 330, South Santiam - 3,912 330, Calapooia - 522 330
NOSA Estimate
2008: South Santiam River - 1,534 spawners474
North Santiam River - 2,789 spawners474
Molalla River - 1,273 spawner474
Calopoola river - 236 spawner474
2016: Clackamas River - 2,531 spawners474
Adult Count
Willamette Falls
2016: 5,778 adults
Willamette Falls (Late) - 3,755 adults496
Willamette Falls (Early) - 2,023 adults497

North Fork Santiam River (North Fork Dam)
2015: 2,966 adults (natural and hatchery)496

South Santiam River(Foster Dam)
2015: 400 adults (natural and hatchery)136

Redd Counts
Little North Fork Santiam
2010: 12 redds 230, 231

Calapooia River
2011: North Fork Calapooia River - 2 redds 232
2010: 49 redds 232

South Santiam River Basin
2011: Wiley Creek - 14 redds 233
2010: 6 redds 233
Threatened Status & Trends
Bull Trout Upper Willamette River, Clackamas River    Mainstem McKenzie River, Trail Bridge, South Fork McKenzie River, and possibly Middle Fork Willamette River (all in Upper Willamette Core Area)  Draft Recovery Plan Criteria :
900-1,500 adults (600-100 in Upper Willamette Core Area; 300-500 in Clackamas Core Area)331
Redd Counts
2009: 240 redds 189
Threatened Status & Trends
Oregon Chub Willamette Subbasin      Recovery Plan Criteria :
20 populations of the least 500 adults, all exhibiting stable or increasing trend; at least four populations each in Mainstem Willamette, Middle Fork Willamette, and Santiam436
2015: Delisted
2013: Oregon chub exceed recovery criteria as defined in the species' Recovery Plan - 41 populations with 500 or more individuals; 23 populations met the second criterion. Of the populations meeting criteria 1 and 2, 10 are located in the Middle Fork Willamette recovery area, 7 are located in the Santiam Recovery Area, ands 6 are located in the Mainstem Willamete Recovery Area 282
Threatened No Data